Since gaining independence in 1960, Nigeria has suffered waves of political instability, including half a dozen coups, decades of military rule, and a civil war (1967–1970) that claimed up to two million lives. Despite efforts by the elected government and Nigerian military to eradicate Boko Haram, the terrorist group has sustained its presence in the country.
The military has sought to crack down on the Boko Haram insurgency through heavy-handed raids, which have resulted in widespread accusations of human rights abuses.
Sen. Jeff Merkley (D-OR) introduced Senate Resolution 171 on April 18, 2019 call on the administration to restore U.S. assistance to civilians in the West Bank and Gaza. Joined by five co-sponsors, S Res 171 also calls on Congress to clarify provisions of the 2018 Antiterrorism Clarification Act (ATCA) so that acceptance for funds for food and essential humanitarian services cannot be used to trigger jurisdiction of the Palestinian Authority for ATCA lawsuits in U.S. courts. A statement from 18 organizations, including the Charity & Security Network, supports the resolution and release of the funds.
There are many challenges for principled humanitarian action - security in conflict zones, lack of adequate funding and more. But counterterrorism measures can also present certain challenges, including areas of tension between international humanitarian law and various counterterrorism and sanctions measures. Navigating this landscape can be complicated, raising important considerations for humanitarian organizations undertaking this essential work.
View "Challenges and Considerations for Humanitarian Assistance in the Current Legal Landscape," as a printable PDF.
Tuesday July 10 at 10 am US eastern time, 1400 UTC
Conflict Summary in Mali:
A report from the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), Principles Under Pressure: The Impact of Counterterrorism Measures and Preventing/Countering Violent Extremism on Principled Humanitarian Action, aims to update the evidence base for the impact of counterterrorism measures on humanitarian groups' ability to deliver aid to populations under the control of designated terrorist groups. It also sets out to examine what impact, if any, the emerging areas of P/CVE has on principled humanitarian action. Read more