The Medical Neutrality Act of 2013 (HR 2033)is a bipartisan bill that makes medical neutrality a policy priority of the U.S. by withholding military assistance, including training and arms sales, to any government that restricts access to medical services.
The 2014 annual report from Front Line Defenders cites restrictive legislation as a major concern for global human rights defenders (HRDs). The report highlights many countries around the world that have used legal and regulatory measures to crack down on civil society and HRDs in particular. They also found documented instances of at least 26 HRDs who were killed for their work promoting human rights. According to the report:
A Jan. 30, 2014 study commissioned by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) found deficiencies in the evaluation process undertaken by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). The FATF, a global intergovernmental organization that recommends anti-terrorist financing standards, evaluates government’s compliance with recommendations and publishes their ratings.
The changes in how lawyers approach the use of international humanitarian law (IHL) and international human rights law (IHRL) in the post-9/11 landscape are discussed in a January 2014 law review. Naz K. Modirzadeh argues that "folk international law," a "law-like discourse that relies on a confusing and soft admixture of IHL, jus ad bellum, and IHRL" is being increasingly used as framework for the global war on terror.
Published by the Humanitarian Policy Group in December 2013, Talking to the Other Side –Humanitarian Negotiations with Al-Shabaab in Somalia is an in-depth study that sheds light on dynamics and details of negotiations between aid organizations and Al-Shabaab, primarily between 2008 and the famine of 2011. It provides historical context to the impossible choices facing aid agencies and details how both Al-Shabaab and the actions of donor governments ex
In order to ensure that Department of Defense (DOD) funds are not awarded to individuals or groups that actively oppose United States (U.S.) and Coalition Forces, Congress included Section 841 in the 2012 National Defense Authorization Act. Section 841 permits DOD to restrict, terminate for default, or void a DOD grant with a group or individual determined to be “actively supporting an insurgency or otherwise opposing the United States or coalition forces in a contingency operation in the United States Central Command theater o
The Center on Global Counterterrorism Cooperation published the report Evaluating Countering Violent Extremism Programming: Practice and Progress in September 2013. It draws on the discussions of a symposium sponsored by the Government of Canada in conjunction with the Global Counterterrorism Forum and reviews the conceptual and operational
The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an intergovernmental body that sets anti-terrorist financing and anti-money laundering standards that it uses to assess the adequacy of laws and regulations in nearly every country in the world. Since 9/11 it has increased its focus on regulation of financial services and charities.
The International Center for Non Profit Law’s (ICNL) Research Center provides resources that cover current issues affecting the legal framework for civil society law. ICNL's Online Library currently contains over 3300 resources including a law database, reports, and other civil society legal resources from 202 countries ranging in 61 different languages.
Host States and Their Impact on Security for Humanitarian Operations, released by Humanitarian Outcomes, aims to explore why major violence against aid workers is increasingly concentrated in a small number of extremely insecure countries. The findings suggest that attacks on humanitarian aid workers are mainly a symptom of state failure as well as a byproduct of war.