Counterterrorism legislation is having a "qualitative impact on the work of peacebuilding organizations, their choices and freedom to choose where they work and with whom," concludes a new report from Conciliation Resources, Proscribing peace: the impact of terrorist listing on peacebuilding programs.
Shrinking civic space was one of the defining human rights issues of 2015, according to Maina Kiai, UN Special Rapporteur on the rights to Freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, in his report, 2015: The Year in Assembly and Association Rights. In many parts of the world in 2016, however, that space is largely gone.
"Twin Threats: How the Politics of Fear and the Crushing of Civil Society Imperil Global Rights" is the introductory essay in Human Rights Watch's 2016 World Report. In it, the organization's executive director, Kenneth Roth, examines the ways in which fear has fueled the shrinking space for civil society around the world.
The Partner Vetting System (PVS) is a pilot program created to vet individuals in nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and for-profit entities who apply for United States Agency for International Development (USAID) contracts and grants, to ensure that USAID-funded activities are not inadvertently providing support to entities associated with terrorism. Under the PVS pilot program, the U.S. government requires many grant applicants to submit detailed personal information on key employees and subcontractors to USAID for comparison with intelligence databases.
In consortium with Ariadne (the European Funders for Social Change and Human Rights) and the International Human Rights Funders Group (IHRFG), the European Foundation Centre (EFC) has published a report on Challenging the Closing Space for Civil Society, A Practical Starting Point for Funders. The report aims to provide grantmakers, private funders and other non-governmental organizations (NGO) key methods to counteract the growing threats to civil society, including counterterrorism laws and policies.
An absence of inclusive, responsive and accountable governance was a major factor in the rise of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), according to research by the humanitarian organization Mercy Corps.
In its new report, Investing in Iraq’s Peace: How Good Governance Can Diminish Support for Violent Extremism, Mercy Corps explains that after the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, political players fanned the country’s sectarian flames for their own gain. These actions propelled sympathy for armed insurgencies, which “purported to offer marginalized groups an alternative to the corrupt Iraqi government,” the report states.
Armed conflicts have been the greatest driver of prolonged humanitarian need, according to the Global Humanitarian Overview 2016, a publication of the Partnerships and Resource Mobilization Branch (PRMB) of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
“Crises are becoming more protracted and displacement levels are unprecedented due to the lack of durable political solutions,” the report states, adding that nearly 60 million people, half of them children, have had to flee their homes due to conflict and violence. The crisis in Syria, perhaps the most profound conflict worldwide, is in its fifth year. During 2015, more than 830,000 refugees and migrants fled to Europe, approximately half of them from Syria.
The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) has released a risk management toolkit to address the challenges and risks associated with counterterrorism measures and their impact on principled humanitarian action. Intended as a reference tool for policy- and decision-makers, it draws on ideas, methods and procedures being used by a number of national and international NGOs and UN agencies in global hot spots.
Because humanitarian needs are often greatest in terrorist-controlled areas, humanitarian actors must be careful of both the criminal and contractual risks presented by counterterrorism measures. The toolkit looks at a variety of approaches including codes of conduct, due diligence, human resource and anti-diversion policies as well as monitoring and evaluation procedures.
Bank de-risking represents a market failure. In such instances, either government or the public sector must intervene to re-align market factors, either through incentive programs or through enhanced regulatory guidance, concludes a new report from the Global Center on Cooperative Security and Oxfam America, Understanding Bank De-risking and its Effects on Financial Inclusion.
According to the report, the goals of financial inclusion and anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) are not inherently in conflict, although tensions emerge in practice. Overly restrictive AML/CFT measures “may negatively affect access to financial services and lead to adverse humanitarian and security implications,” the report states. It adds that de-risking actually contributes to increased vulnerability by “pushing high-risk clients into smaller financial institutions that may lack adequate AML/CFT capacity, or even out of the formal financial sector all together.”
Excluding the September 11 attacks, only 0.5 per cent of deaths from terrorism have occurred in the West since 2000. If the September 11 are included, the percentage reaches 2.6.
Lone wolf attacks have accounted for 70 percent of all terrorist deaths in the West since 2006, according to the 2015 Global Terrorism Index. The report notes that 80 percent of those attacks were attributed to a mixture of right-wing extremists, nationalists, anti-government elements, and other types of political extremism or supremacism rather than radical Islam.
The report, produced by the Institute for Economics & Peace, is based on data from the Global Terrorism Database (GTD) which is collected and collated by the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism. The GTD is considered to be the most comprehensive dataset on terrorist activity globally and has codified over 140,000 terrorist incidents.