This paper, published in July 2008, is the result of collaborative research conducted by OMB Watch and Grantmakers Without Borders. We believe charities in the United States and throughout the world play a key role in democratic systems by giving citizens a vehicle for participation, providing tools and information that help people get involved, and delivering assistance to those in need.
Friday, March 20, 2009
Zenger Room at the National Press Club
Charities perform work that counters global terrorism by advancing development, human rights, and conflict prevention. Rather than being embraced as a valuable asset in reducing the threat of terror, civil society groups have found themselves the target of counterterrorism policies and enforcement measures that are restrictive and intimidating. Barriers to prevent the financing of terrorism have created a chilling effect both donors and charities. Organizations are fearful of operating humanitarian relief projects in political hot spots. Opportunities to increase our security by reducing the root causes of terror are lost.
President Bush issued an executive order on July 16 that expands the government's authority to block the U.S.-based financial assets of individuals or groups in Iraq beyond those it designates as supporters of terrorism, to include those who act, or assist those who act, against peace and stability in Iraq. The order, titled Blocking Property of Certain Persons Who Threaten Stabilization Efforts in Iraq, directs the U.S. Treasury Department to freeze assets of those who impede "efforts to promote economic reconstruction and political reform in Iraq or to provide humanitarian assistance to the Iraqi people."
The power of the federal government to release "blocked" assets seized from entities designated as Foreign Terrorist Organizations for Specially Designated Nationals derives from the same statutory framework as the power to freeze and seize assets. These statutes — International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA) as amended by the Patriot Act, and the Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 — authorize the President to promulgate regulations governing implementation of these powers.
This chart published by OMB Watch in October 2006 is a section-by-section comparison of the Department of Treasury's proposed revisions to its Anti-Terrorist Financing Guidelines: Voluntarhy Best Practices for U.S. Charities and final version, after Treasury received extensive public comments. The chart includes commentary that points out problems with the September 2006 version.
In March 2007, without public announcement or comment, the U.S. Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) published a Risk Matrix for the Charitable Sector on its website. The Introduction of the publication says the matrix is meant to help charities comply with U.S. sanctions programs that prohibit transactions with designated terrorists or certain countries.
With the launch of our new report, Financial Access for U.S. Nonprofits, the first-ever empirical data on the issue gives new insight to the problem known as "derisking."
Hear from the report's authors about the findings, stakeholder perspectives and possible solutions.
Tuesday, February 28, 2017
* Sue Eckert, Adjunct Senior Fellow, Center for New American Security and report author
* Kay Guinane, Director, Charity & Security Network and report author
* Andrea Hall, Communications and Outreach Coordinator, Charity & Security Network and report author
* Dawn Sikorski, Corporate Counsel, Islamic Relief USA
This website, sponsored by the Defending Dissent Foundation, includes information on threats to the right to dissent, a newsletter and take action page. The group's mission is to protect and advance the right of dissent in the United States by:
- Translating grassroots civil liberties concerns into national policy debate and action,
- Alerting local activists to civil liberties threats, and,
- Educating the public, the press and policymakers as to how dissent is crucial to democracy.
First in a series on Know Your Rights, this one-hour webinar focused on governance and program operations.
* Shari Crittendon, Senior Corporate Counsel at the Constitutional Law Center for Muslims in America, former General Counsel of the United Negro College Fund, will speak on governance and compliance issues.
* Julien Schopp, Director of Humanitarian Practice at InterAction, member of SPHERE board and former Senior Policy Officer for the International Council of Voluntary Agencies, will speak on managing humanitarian operations.