On April 6, 2011, a coalition of ten conservative groups sent a letter to Congress asking them to protect private electronic information held by third parties against unwarranted law enforcement access. According to the letter, laws protecting such information have been “eroded by technological change,” and Congressional action is needed to extend Fourth Amendment protections against unreasonable search and seizure of digital documents and other electronic information.
- Obtain a search warrant before it can obtain private content stored online;
- Obtain a search warrant before it can track the location of a mobile communications device;
- Persuade a court that demands for information about the parties with whom an individual has communicated are relevant and material to a criminal investigation; and
- Demonstrate to a court that the information it seeks through a bulk data request pertaining to an entire class of users is needed for a criminal investigation.